Month: July 2020

Carpet Cleaning – 5 Prevalent Misconceptions

For a carpet cleaning specialist I routinely arrive across a number of misconceptions. Here are 5 that i listen to most frequently.

one. The primary intent for carpet cleansing is spot elimination.

Numerous people believe the key goal for carpet cleaning is to get spots out. I see this when i walk into a residence and also the property owner speedily begins to level out spots on her carpet. This really is of course her primary worry. Which is understandable since we want to have a house that appears clean and that is amongst the crucial matters about employing a carpet cleaner. Even so, carpet cleaning is much a lot more than place elimination. It is a essential section of preserving the health of the carpet in addition as extending its daily life. Standard cleaning is suggested by virtually every carpet manufacturer. With out standard cleaning carpets dress in out considerably faster. Actually, in many situations the lifetime from the carpet is often slash in 50 % or more with no normal cleansing http://freshhealthycarpetcleaning.com.

2. The carpet devices the you hire on the store absolutely are a practical substitute to professional cleansing.

The carpet devices which you hire do contribute to clean carpet. Even so, there is absolutely no solution to get adequate electrical power into a tiny portable device like that to perform a radical task of cleaning your carpet. If that were attainable, every single carpet cleaner in the world would use a single. Take it from me, if I could stay away from dragging hoses in and out of every house and being forced to buy $20-$40,000 truly worth of equipment, I’d inside of a heartbeat. The simple truth is there basically is no technique to get more than enough h2o strain, warmth, and vacuum electricity from a small portable device. This is the reason virtually every main carpet maker recommends not merely “steam cleaning”, but “truck-mounted steam cleaning”. In a very nutshell, which means the manufacturers recognize the need for your energy a truck-mounted unit gives.

3. Should the carpet appears to be like clean up it will not ought to be vacuumed.

Vacuuming has quite a few uses, not simply for visual appeal of the carpet. Daily our homes are assaulted with any range of fine or simply microscopic particles that lead for the use of our carpet. Such things as dust, dander, hair, and just dirt generally settle on our carpet. These act like sandpaper within the carpet fibers which, with time, wears them out. Lots of of these factors are so modest that they are not quickly viewed. But just because they can not be noticed will not signify they’re not performing harm on your carpet. So, one of the most important things you are able to do to prolong the lifetime of your carpet is always to vacuum frequently.

4. Carpet cleaners give “carpet protector” being a strategy to create a speedy buck.

Modern-day carpeting, recognised as fifth-generation carpeting from the enterprise, is vastly enhanced from prior generations. Present day carpet consists of some incredible stain fighting qualities together with Teflon-based protectors and something named acid dye blockers. While these improvements have designed carpet stay cleaner, for a longer time, they are doing have on out as time passes. As a result of this it’s helpful to re-apply carpet protector periodically.

5. Carpets will soil much more rapidly when they happen to be skillfully cleaned.

Years ago, when carpet cleansing firms principally used the method identified as shampooing, this result was probable in the event the carpet cleaner didn’t stick to correct processes. Having said that, with present day carpet cleansing approaches, particularly truck mounted steam extraction, that is not the case. Except the carpet cleaner in problem is making use of affordable chemical substances in incorrect way, modern steam cleansing approaches and cleansing brokers not to go away sticky residue at the rear of. This means carpets won’t re-soil much more promptly as a consequence of the cleansing process.

Using this type of information in hand you will be now improved prepared to ascertain your carpet cleansing demands and to use a quality business if the time comes.

Fresh & Healthy Carpet Cleaning Northern Beaches
7 Grosvenor Pl, Brookvale NSW 2100
(02) 8311 0671

Using Printed Business Cards to Make Your Mark

Attaining a great reputation is what every successful business wants to achieve. One of the best ways to get your business known by the public is through reputation. Having high quality, sharply designed printed business card is one proven way to begin achieving that reputation. The idea of printed business cards might seem like an old fashioned idea in the high tech world we live in. However high quality, professionally printed business cards go a long way in making a lasting impression. And they will show your customers your dedication to traditional business values go here.

Using high quality and professionally printed business cards creates great recognition especially if you go the extra mile and have an eye catching logo created just for you. A unique, well designed logo added to your card will tell people exactly what you are about. Great logos will be remembered long after the phone call has ended or the computer has been shut down. Professionally printed cards, that have been passed around will remain a constant reminder of you, your business and what you stand for.

Over the years, the use of high quality printed cards has always been seen as a high class action by those professionals who wish to promote themselves and the businesses that they value. Members of the professional world appreciate the efforts of those who would put themselves out there in such a manner. Taking the time to trade business cards and pass them on in a refined and educated “word of mouth” type of advertising is the mark of a professional business person. They also give your business associates an opportunity to show others about your goals and services.

Carpet Cleansing Ideas to Enable Maintain your Carpets Clean up

Even though numerous persons like a clean up carpet, employing knowledgeable carpet cleaner is just not generally an alternative. While it is generally tough to receive a carpet as cleanse as being a professional carpet cleaner, below are a few great carpet cleaning tips to enable maintain your dwelling clean and new Carpet Cleaning Northern Beaches.

Use Heat

To be able to clear the carpet, it really is almost always important to use extremely very hot drinking water. Warmth is among three aspects that skilled carpet cleaners benefit from when cleansing the carpet. Very hot drinking water extraction cleaning, often known as steam cleansing, is only when water is involving one hundred fifty and 200∞F. Steam cleaning is an important method to employ if you’d like to acquire the carpet as cleanse as you can.

Once you steam clear a carpet, 3 variables operate with each other to make certain your carpet will get sufficiently cleaned. These aspects are classified as the heat on the h2o, agitation, and dwell time. Should you realize that you cannot maximize one among the things, it truly is highly recommended to try to overcompensate in one on the other spots. One example is, should you are not able to employ h2o that is certainly at a extremely extreme temperature, you should still be capable to have the similar cleaning results by allowing the solution dwell during the carpet for a longer time than typical.

Use Detergent

When applying a steam cleaning system, it’s usually crucial that you make use of a detergent as part of your remedy. Detergent functions to catch the attention of filth particles. So that you can make sure the detergent is efficient, it’s important to rinse often though cleaning the carpet. This makes certain that the detergent can do its work without having only transferring soiled h2o from a person portion of the carpet for the following.

Make use of a Shop Vac

Using a shop vac is often a wonderful means to wash stubborn stains in a carpet. Even though it could be essential to clean, rinse, and vacuum the affected place numerous instances right before the stain is removed, the store vac is far more efficient than hoping to scrub out the stain by hand.

Use Rugs

To circumvent stains from transpiring, many carpet cleaners propose putting rugs or mats to the inside of and outside of your front door. These rugs get the job done to trap grime through the outside just before it is actually carried in the dwelling. This aids reduce the level of vacuuming, nevertheless it also works to shield the carpet. Filth can in fact harm the carpet by chopping in the carpet fibers. After the fibers are harmed the carpet has a tendency to stain more conveniently and it is more durable to remove the stains. Getting rid of your footwear in advance of moving into the house is additionally a great solution to stop dirt problems.

When you will be prepared to clean your carpet, begin by vacuuming after which utilize a portable steam cleaner, getting certain to get the drinking water as hot as is possible. Followers can help dry the carpet swiftly right after it has been cleaned. Working with these tips consistently should help you manage a thoroughly clean carpet when lengthening some time amongst expert cleanings.

These very simple carpet cleansing strategies might help keep your carpets thoroughly clean in between specialist carpet cleanings.

Northern Beaches Carpet Cleaning
90 Mona Vale Rd, Warriewood NSW 2102
(02) 8311 0608

Urgent Care And Why The Products And Services Are Beneficial

Urgent treatment facilities are established approximately offer urgent support to people with accidents or ailments which might be not everyday living threatening, but still cannot hold out till the next day to have most important treatment from a doctor. The amenities arrive in useful, especially when major care physicians are shut or where by usage of top quality health urgent care facilities is proscribed.

It really is crucial that you keep in mind that urgent treatment will not substitute unexpected emergency care. You can find situations which are considered an crisis and as such they need to be handled by checking the affected person for the ER in a well-equipped facility for the reason that they will endanger the lifestyle or forever impair the affected individual. Deep knife wound, seizures, severe chest pains and being pregnant related challenges and many other folks are all significant and regarded an emergency. Urgent treatment amenities may not manage to deal with these kinds of, but will tackle much less severe health-related cases like fever, flu, diarrhea, vomiting, sprains and strains, falls, reasonable back pains, eye discomfort and this sort of annoying although not life threatening conditions.

The benefits

1. Urgent care clinics have to have no appointment and hence people can wander in for getting treatment they will need. This is the key gain, particularly considering that you may be faced with unexpected wellness issues that depart you pretty worried such that you just just can’t wait around.

2. They supply expert services at very versatile hrs. The urgent treatment services providers will usually remain open up during weekdays and weekends and a few even continue to be open up spherical the clock just so that you can obtain the solutions because they arise. The adaptable several hours present plenty of benefit, especially for individuals who may have busy schedules; you can verify in to the heart even after getting your evening meal.

three. They offer relief as you are aware that you are able to obtain the professional medical help that you choose to have to have with out essentially waiting around far too very long. The waiting time at an ER department might be a minimal lengthier contemplating how critical, many of the been given situations may be. But because the urgent treatment clinics only offer with slight wellness concerns, there are actually commonly no very long traces to manage and you also might get taken care of once you can get there so you spend extremely minor time on the clinic.

4. The facilities can come comprehensive with lab testing and X-ray providers to ensure that diagnosis for sufferers is made a lot quicker. You might also be extremely lucky to acquire a facility that will refill your prescription conserving you the excursion to your health care service provider once the time is just not easy sufficient.

5. They provide the solutions are quite acceptable expenditures. This means you may have your health considerations settled with a price that you can manage.

A superb urgent care middle need to provide the required solutions for that medical conditions which can be not existence threatening. The top services will go to to adult and in addition pediatric people and should have the vital professional medical devices like X-ray machines so that you do not wind up staying sent to another place for this sort of expert services. In essence, an urgent treatment clinic must offer you very little short of usefulness.

Tips On Obtaining An Vehicle Backup Digital Camera Program

Acquiring into an auto accident cannot only produce injuries to those related, on the other hand it may raise your common regular insurance policies procedures good quality by a big sum of cash. Just about every calendar year, there may be new technologies at this time being developed by auto producers to reduced these occurrences. Unquestionably one of these devices may be the wifi dash cam which includes change into well-known in current times and so the pursuing are strategies to generating the purchase.

Regardless of no matter whether your auto will not arrive that features a digital camera that may assistance you when reversing from a parking space, you’ll be able to however organize them from aftermarket corporations like VR3 and Audiovox. You might think that this kind of vehicle electronics is dear, having said that there’s a chance you’re fairly shocked concerning how low-cost they may be. In fact, you could pretty effortlessly buy a good quality unit for less than 100 bucks.

If you buy an identical gadget from the dealership, they can exceed several hundred pounds or maybe enhanced according to the company. When building the purchase, you should definitely feel for people today wi-fi models as these will most likely be considered a good deal less difficult to install. These usually mount on the rear on the car possibly over the license plate or towards the bumper so it should also get there with brackets to make the set up clear-cut.

VR3 presents a backup camera method that also features a observe display screen that attaches on the dashboard to help you you may have a chance to see what exactly is powering you. Acquiring these types that have an computerized activation can be a outstanding notion when you put the vehicle in reverse. Keep in mind you have that which you spend for therefore paying out a bit excess with a top quality product is unquestionably deserving of it mainly because they can be utilized for varied quite a long time.

Golfing Sunlight Shades: For An Eagle Eyesight As Well As A Good Putt

Just before Tiger Woods arrived into your focus of athletics audiences, golfing was predominantly generally known as being a video activity amongst the loaded. The sport was way more joined with middle aged fellas than youthful, glamorous gamers like Woods and Michelle Wie. But now, not just is golfing a sport towards the younger, it’s also slightly a thing that folks persist with in television like soccer, tennis, basketball and baseball. The emergence of youthful proficient avid gamers has intended the sport a mainstream activity. Although making use of the name within the action comes a bevy of sponsors that existing marketplace goods from garments to gives to best golf sunglasses. Golf is usually a recreation as marketable provided that the next activity with its avid gamers as its handiest advertisers.

Golfing sun shades completely absolutely are a requirement amid gamers considering that the sport is carried out in an open up area exactly where the sun shines specially about the players additionally the brightness of its gentle is additional enhanced via the greens. As much to be a necessity, solar shades worn by golfers also are a stylish accent, with typical consumers’ order choices possible being influenced by exactly what the golfers are putting on. Brand names of golfers’ sunglasses like Bolle, Rudy Challenge, Oakley, Adidas and Nike have show up up with different layouts developed to guard gamers from a harmful rays within the solar and using the specific exact time make them surface astounding for that tv cameras.

In purchasing golfing eyewear, a purchaser should hunt for any product which has the ability to dam the two UVB and UVA gentle. A pair of sun shades with greater nanometer rating is in fact a better solution as it could be drastically successful at blocking the sun’s ultraviolet light-weight. Potential to extend contrast and better depth notion homes are also vital. With this regard, sunglasses with yellow lenses are categorized because the most seriously inspired for your personal golfing procedure. Yellow-lensed sun shades are known for properly enhancing the discrepancies from your surface place plus the grain and might aid players determine variations in slope and terrain.

A further important factor that golfers’ sunlight shades should have is a 180-degree eyesight. Some current variations have this functionality which permits avid gamers to standpoint the line of putt by the lens without having to boost his / her head. Sunglasses using these eyesight will even be normally named wrap lenses or swept back again once again lenses. Rimless sunglasses can even be preferred amongst golfers simply because rimless eyepieces allow for them to search down using the ball devoid of remaining distracted by means of the sight with all the glasses’ rim.

Let us View Motion pictures On the web With Hearth Heat and residential Baked Popcorn

The calendar year 2154, Jack Scully is often a paraplegic maritime who joins a venture of alien globe when his twin died. His DNA matched while using the alien group named Na’vi and he was transferred into a Na’vi to provide him an alien ‘Avatar’ to know the Na’vi system and uncover their weak location to make sure that the mercenaries can wipe out the Navi’s. So will Jack be capable to infiltrate in to the Na’vi’s land and be part of the gory activity of destruction? This is certainly most mentioned motion picture of the 12 months ‘Avatar’ which may now be loved within the comforts of your respective household when you watch movies online free.

Certainly, the popularity of seeing flicks on the internet has become a great deal common and any latest movie might be viewed anytime and anyplace. Convenient, uncomplicated to accessibility and entail a small payment, on on the net motion picture portals you’ll be able to observe movies on-line or perhaps can capture up the latest movie trailers as well. With a very long list of the types of films accessible around the on the net motion picture portal, a viewer can decide on Crime to Romance or from Film-Noir to Sci-Fi. The process is pretty straightforward…a viewer should log in to your internet sites, they enjoy most recent movie trailers on the internet without spending a dime, and then they are able to e book for virtually any film of their selection towards a little payment. In addition to the trailer exhibits and motion picture seeing solutions, there are actually even other beautiful types to surf. The categories features a prolonged listing of film genres, latest box business blockbusters, 1st glimpse of impending films, demonstrate timings of nearby theaters as well as an archive of blockbuster film.

Check out flicks on line is not costly as a lot of people consider. The price of seeing a motion picture on line is pretty low cost in addition to a simple payment means of payment is included within just the procedure. Even you may go through editorial reviews with the films and might decide no matter if you may lay fingers within the motion picture or not. Forget Cable connections due to the fact you will find problems with the Clack Gable films due to the fact usually they run out of stocks, quite the opposite this sort of dilemma isn’t going to exist in on line movie portals. Furthermore, you can also view latest film trailers on the internet, delight in star interviews, current box place of work churners, and also e book on-line DVD outlets in addition. One among the primary capabilities with the on line film portal is that viewers can view newest movie trailers on the web and then they’re able to make a decision over a film title. Also, dad and mom can continue to keep a robust leash within the adult film and might determine a film in keeping with the ratings & standards for display.

Very best Watches On the net

Like everything, you will find a terrific a lot of products obtainable for buy on line now. Should you are geared up to get this fashion, some fantastic financial savings can be built. The reason is needless to say, you do not have to purchase the overheads of the community store, the expense of carrying stock for around a calendar year before its purchased plus the expense of team just sitting about so that you can walk while in the door. Also, some world-wide-web sellers bulk buy surplus stock from brands, putting them within an perfect placement to supply some amazing offers that site.

So, wherever should you go for the,very best watches on line. Effectively, the 1st point you will end up worried about could be the high quality in the source. You may get from eBay or Amazon, who will be possibly the biggest on-line sources of online solution or you should buy from a a lot more professional source like “World of watches”. The large problem truly is genuineness and backup assurance. These sellers are sometimes working on behalf of an additional supplier, and that means you ought to ensure that there will be no difficulties if anything goes wrong. Preserve all of your paperwork as well as the primary packaging just in case the view must be returned.

It is really a good idea to call the corporate by e mail just before acquiring. Get yourself a call identify and their assurance the watch is real…not a sophisticated duplicate, they are receiving so excellent now, it can be hard to inform the main difference, until you take out the again and test the motion. Even then, you are able to be hoodwinked by a movement not remaining right to the case. A check out of serial quantities using the maker offers you clarity as to whether the watch is primary and correct. Should you don’t desire to obtain into this sort of detail then just dig and dig for info through the proposed provider for information on these issues.

You will find a lot of sellers, collectors, wholesalers and various suppliers out there giving item of various top quality. When purchasing a employed look at several of them will likely have a scale of “newness” they use to describe the ailment of the look at. One method to examine how precise this scale will be to appear in the suggestions they’ve obtained from potential buyers. eBay is often a good way of executing this since part of staying with this group is actually a self regulating opinions procedure accustomed to report to the get-togethers after a transaction is done. Its truly worth having a glance there to find out what the outcome of transactions has been. Search for complications that have arisen and find out how they have been fixed. Be aware needless to say that it’s doable for sellers to provide to by themselves and place up fantastic feedback. This is certainly unlikely to get the case if there are actually fifty or maybe more feedbacks over the site. So its a good idea to check feed-back. If you will find none or only one, you may be using a bigger gamble than if you will discover numerous.

As for which are the,finest watches online, are this depends greatly on everything you want. A petite lady may have another belief to a main league basketball participant, or an Olympic weightlifter. Be certain nevertheless you could devote a couple of bucks or tens of thousands of bucks to have the,best watches on the internet, mainly because the “best” genuinely can indicate the “best” in case you place your head to it. Should you are truly serious about your purchase pay a visit to the biggest around the world check out auction website “antiquorum” and find out a few of the worlds most famed watches offer for numerous situations their “showroom” selling price. It is all concerning the heritage. A toy check out owned by a US president can command a significant high quality!

Three Issues to shop the very best View – Condition, Materials, and performance

You will discover few concerns when picking a enjoy. They’re designs, elements, and function. Enable this text elucidate on each and every of those criterion for procuring the most effective watch for you rolex yacht master.

Stylish Designs

The check out field is extremely dynamic and trend conscious. Nowadays, the designs of watches have transformed with the improved. The designs are obtaining additional inventive and outside of the standard. The usual rounded condition is already an old-fashioned look and can only be equipped for that safe and sound and people left powering. For those who wished the most recent while in the watch industry, they should glance at new styles such as tonneau or barrel condition, oblong, and television monitor form. These fashionable selections will definitely seize some attention.

The Elements

The shape of the observe can be a incredibly vital issue however the content is additionally similarly vital due to the fact this determines its good quality. Make sure that you only get watches made of fine and good quality products. Amongst the most effective choices is high quality leather-based with vintage watches. These watches are perfect equipment for relaxed and workplace appears to be.

Certainly one of the highly coveted elements extra to watches is precious jewels like diamonds. Diamonds are often wonderful additions to the observe. This can be the motive why sportsmen, famous people, and socialites have endorsed these diamond-studded watches everywhere.

Functionality

Operate will be the previous factor that ought to never be dismissed when acquiring your view. As far as one of the most well known choices are anxious, chronograph watches are around the prime with the list.

When striving to check the look at, be sure to look at numerous components of enough time piece. As an example, certainly one of the favorite functions nowadays could be the two dial, twin time characteristic. This is just one good operate that can be crucial that you your life style. Based on your ambitions, designers are bringing a lot more attributes to their watches. Therefore, the choices are numerous and you’ll often realize that will match your plans.

Conclusion

In ending, you need to find the 3 components earlier mentioned in the watches. According to the tendencies now, chances are you’ll look at a chronograph element that has a trendy form. Chances are you’ll also think about a diamond-studded enjoy if spending budget will not be an issue. Or maybe a high-quality designer watch with wonderful leather-based band may also be a fantastic option. But with each one of these factors on traits, ensure to secure a look at that fits your character and a thing that you may use every day regardless of the tendencies many years soon after.

Several Straightforward Recommendations On Getting The Top Nanny Cam

Do you really know what nanny cams are or wherever to acquire them from? And most importantly does one know which a person to buy? An the subsequent paragraphs I’ll explain the things they are and exactly where are you able to discover the greatest types. They may be hidden cameras utilized to maintain a monitor on young children or any individual at home. The ideal 1 is very straightforward to acquire whenever you know lots concerning the merchandise. This page gives loads of distinctive nanny cams vdashcam like:

1. DVR nanny cams: These history the online video on SD playing cards and might be considered over a laptop or Tv.

2. USB Receiver With Remote Look at: These equipment with wireless transmission mail the information into a nearby laptop or computer the place a USB receiver is installed. You can also verify the video clips from the diverse laptop in the event the personal computer connected has Net connection.

three. Wired and wireless: These have to have a device to document the movies. Recorders are furnished like DVRs.

four. Wi-fi: Wi-fi cameras don’t need to have any wire get the job done, involved transmitters and receivers deliver the video clip with the digital camera to your receiver, which happens to be linked to the recorder. These transmitters have a very range of all over a thousand toes to 2500 ft. These cameras do have to have a power outlet where you ought to join the digital camera into the ability outlet.

five. Wired: These cameras have to have wires being connected through the camera to your recording unit. This will be built handy by hiding the wires together the wall.

Now I will describe ways to discover one particular. Based upon your property you can decide on which digital camera is best to you personally. The top as well as the most practical is DVR nanny cams, these are high-priced but are well worth the selling price. Now if you want to place the cameras in several places you will discover the wired as well as the wi-fi cameras which could be extremely beneficial, these must be run by the DVRs and VCR gadgets with the recording as well as Quad is used to break up the monitor in four, for simpler visible. If finance could be the difficulty then what on earth is suggested is wired nanny cams they may be one of the most reasonable in price tag. It is best to hunt for cams of your respective ease you’ll find number of cameras that scan the home continuously which keeps you heading in the right direction of your complete place. Most are really little and will be held any where, you will find kinds like, “screw concealed camera”, “mirror concealed camera”, “air freshener concealed camera” and so on; these can be saved anywhere without everyone noticing and will report almost everything.

Which GoPro Digital Camera Normally Takes The Most Beneficial Video Clips

Do you think you’re anyone who performs intense sports activities but has not experienced the chance to determine or share your encounters with other individuals? You can be enthralled to discover that you just now can share your most enjoyable moments with all your good friends by recording them in high-definition having a GoPro Hd digicam https://vdashcam.com.

GoPro, the foremost smaller motion athletics camera, has launched the world’s best accomplishing high definition wearable viewpoint digital camera as soon as extra. GoPro cameras are intended to help you seamlessly document and share your most extreme activities. Whether you are kayaking, browsing, mountain biking, skiing, as well as flying an plane, you can seize all of it about the GoPro High definition without having it finding inside the way whilst you do it. The most beneficial section is the fact that these cameras are compact, provide outstanding image good quality, and so are aimed having a shopper finances in your mind. As GoPro know-how continually enhances, you could be asking yourself which with the two versions of GoPro camera’s you ought to get.

Quite possibly the most significant factors to take into consideration depends on what number of megapixels you favor, how many frames for each next you would like to history in, what exercise you may be performing, and your funds.

GoPro’s most technologically progress camera however would be the new Hd Hero2. Should you be looking for that greatest of the best in substantial definition motion sports cameras then the Hd Hero2 is in your case. In this particular current design, GoPro used precision engineering to redesign the lens of the digicam, which now captures 1080p footage at 127 diploma and 90 diploma fields of sights. This boosts the level of footage it is possible to shoot while in the body. Furthermore, an image processor two times as strong since the first was added to this digicam enabling it to report essentially the most lively colors. New photo features and person interface make this the chief in wearable Hd cameras. The main characteristics to get most excited about in this particular product include the camera’s new eleven megapixel digicam sensor, ten picture per 2nd photograph burst mode, time-lapse location, simplified user interface, and reside video clip streaming. Not merely could be the GoPro Hd Hero2 the easiest digital camera to implement as a result of the brand new electronic interface, nonetheless it also sets the bar substantial for high-definition wearable cameras.